Military operations and the EU’s identity as an international security actor
This article provides a systematic analysis of the mandates of the EU’s twelve military operations so far. It examines the justification (purpose of military intervention) and policy-embeddedness (the coordination between military means and other foreign policy instruments). This way we are able to draw conclusions about the evolving character of the EU’s international power identity. The main finding of the article is that the EU has been evolving towards a “Liberal Power” identity, as is reflected in a shift from value-based to utility-based justifications, while military operations have at the same time become more embedded in the EU’s overall foreign policies.